B1. Why did Gandhi go to live in South Africa?
He was an lawyer and he was going to South Africa because he was going to work for an Indian firm.
B2. What did he think about the treatment of Indian people there? What did he do as a result of his experiences?
He think that there were racial discrimination to the Indian people, and he experienced it while he was in a train carriage and he was thrown out of a first class because one of the passengers simply didn't want an Indian there. The discrimination that he experienced led to him to spend the next twenty years defending the rights of Indians in South Africa.
B3. According to Gandhi, what is the most effective form of protest?
He believed that the most effective form of protest was the non-violent resistance to make the best way to achieve political change. He said that even if they were beaten or imprisoned, protestor should never retaliate or show anger.
B4. What does Mahatma mean?
Mahatma means great soul. So he become known as ''Great Soul''.
B5. Why did Gandhi think that Indians shouldn't fight for Britain in WWII?
Because he thinks that Indian shouldn't fight for Britain in other parts of the world, when they lacked freedom at home.
B6. Why was Gandhi assassinated?
Because Gandhi opposed splitting British India into two independent countries.
However when the partition took place he worked hard for peace between India and Pakistan. This angered Hindu nationalist, who thought that he was doing to much for the muslims. So in 1948 a Hindu nationalist shot and killed Gandhi.
B7. Gandhi once said that ''An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind''. What do you think that he meant by that? How did it influence his method of protest?
It's based on a passage from the Torah, or the Old Testament in the Bible. And mean that for example a criminal who harmed someone would be punished with the same severity of their crime. Gandhi felt that forgiveness and peace should replace the idea of "justice".
THE SALT MARCH
B8. Why did Gandhi go on the Salt March?
Gandhi went to the Salt March because he want to protest against the british taxed collector for the marketing of salt that didn't alow the indians to collect or produce salt.
B9. How did the Salt March inspire other indians?
When they arrived at the coastal city of Dandi , Gandhi illegally collected salt from the seaside as a symbolic act of defiance against the British. His actions sent shockwaves across the subcontinent, inspiring scores of Indians to flout the salt tax and launch strikes and boycotts against colonial institutions. Gandhi and some 80,000 others were soon arrested, but not before their peaceful protest had captured the world’s attention and demonstrated the power of mass resistance to British rule.
B10. What was satyagraha?
The word Satyagraha comes from the Sanskrit words satya (which means "truth") and Agraha ( which means "insistence", or "holding firmly to"). For Gandhi, Satyagraha went far beyond just "passive resistance" (resisting without taking action). His non-violence also became his strength. He said that he chose the name because truth means love, and Insistence means Force, and the Sanskrit name showed it was a force born from truth and love (non-violence).
B11. What happened at the Dharasana Salt works? How did this affect international opinion about British rule in India?
Dharasana Satyagraha was a protest against the British salt tax in May, 1930 (India). When the Salt March to Dandi finished, Mahatma Gandhi decided to join a non-violent raid of the Dharasana Salt Works in Gujarat as the next protest against the rule of the British Raj. Hundreds of satyagrahis were beaten by Indian soldiers under British command at Dharasana. As a result of publicity the world attention was attracted to the Indian independence movement, and this led to question the legitimacy of British rule in India.
B12. What happened to Gandhi as a result of the Salt March?
After the salt march, about 60.000 Indian were brought to prison just to have joined the Salt March, they didn't resist the violent arrests of the colonial police because Gandhi said even if they were beaten or imprisoned, protestor should never retaliate or show anger, so that's what the Indians did, they never retaliate or show anger. Gandhi was also arrested and spent nine months in prison. But finally, the viceroy recognized its impotence to impose British law, without using violent repression, so the viceroy freed all prisoners and, pressed by circumstances, the Indians finally were recognized in the right to collect salt themselves.